Frequently Asked Questions

Why should Jewish clergy join a retirement plan designed for clergy instead of a regular plan?

– Eligibility for parsonage in retirement

– Flexibility for larger contributions each year

Why should Jewish clergy join the Rabbis and Cantors Retirement Plan [“the Plan”] instead of another clergy plan?

– Access low-cost index funds available through Fidelity

– No membership in a rabbinical association required

– Control your own investment funds

– Run by a non-profit organization, dedicated to the best interest of plan participants

Who runs the Plan?

The Plan is run by a non-profit corporation, The Rabbis and Cantors Retirement Board, Inc., which is incorporated in the State of Delaware. The corporation is run by a volunteer board of directors.

The Retirement Board was founded by the Alumni Association of the Rabbinical School of Hebrew College and Yeshivat Maharat.  The current Board members are Rabbi Jeff Fox, Jeremy Hockenstein, Jevin Eagle, Rabbi Van Lanckton, Rabbi Susan Falk, Rabbi Robert Tabak and Cantor Paul Buch.

Legally, what is the Plan?

The Plan is a 403(b)(9) plan (a “church plan” in IRS language). The Plan rules allow Jewish clergy from all denominations to participate. As a church plan, the Plan has benefits over regular 403(b) plans, including being able to designate distributions in retirement as parsonage for its participants.

If I participate, where and how will my money be invested?

Each participant opens an individual account at Fidelity which holds all the participant’s contributions. As a participant, you can allocate your funds directly with Fidelity and can invest in most Fidelity mutual funds (index and actively managed). These individual, segregated accounts ensure the protection of your funds.

What about costs?

The Plan has been structured at very low cost to its members:

– The Plan covers its operating costs primarily through donations. The Plan charges a modest administration fee to each participant scaled to the amount invested, as follows:
A. $18 for accounts less than $10K;
B. $50 for accounts between $10K and $50K;
C. $100 for accounts between $50K and $100K;
D. $150 for accounts between $100K and $250K.
E. $200 for accounts over $250K.

For participants who are members of rabbinical or cantorial associations that are making annual contributions (currently members of the Alumni Association of the Rabbinical School of Hebrew College, Ohalah and the Reconstructionist Rabbinical Association), the fees are reduced. Participation is free for balances of $50K and under. Above $50K, the applicable fee is reduced in half.

At other plans, annual fees range from 0.20% to 0.35% of assets; that is between $200 and $350 a year per $100,000 of assets.

– Fidelity charges a $10 annual fee per participant. (For those who still have accounts with Vanguard, they charge a $15 annual fee per fund you are invested in – although this fee is waived for anyone with assets over $50,000 at Vanguard.)

– The only other fees are the underlying funds fees – which can be as low as 0.05% with Fidelity’s index funds.

If I have an IRA (or another retirement plan) already, can I roll it over into the Plan?

Yes, but be aware that the parsonage benefit in retirement applies only to funds invested in the other retirement plan while engaged in your rabbinate.

Is there any limit to the amount that can be rolled over from an IRA to the Plan?

No, there is not.

What is the upper limit of the amount that my employer can withhold from my
compensation and contribute instead on my behalf to the pension plan?

In 2016, the limit for contributions made in this fashion is $18,000 for those who will not yet be 50 years old as of December 31, 2016. The limit for those who will be 50 years old or older as of December 31, 2016, is $24,000

Suppose I want to contribute more than $18,000 (or $24,000, if applicable) to the plan. Can I do that? If so, how?

Yes. In addition to contributions withheld from your pay, your employer (or, if you don’t work for a synagogue, yourself) can contribute additional amounts to the plan. The total annual contribution limit to the plan in 2016 is $53,000 (or 100% of your compensation, not including any parsonage allowance), whichever is lower. In 2016 the figure is $59,000 if you will be 50 years old or older as of December 31, 2016.

Suppose I am contributing to another retirement plan at the same time. How would that affect the foregoing figures?

The total contribution limits set forth above are for funds contributed to all qualified plans
(not just this Plan). If you are contributing (or your employer is contributing) to another
plan, you can still join the Plan but the total global contributions cannot exceed the
relevant number above.

Can I make contributions to the Plan directly?

It depends on where you work:

a. If you work for a synagogue, the synagogue has to “adopt” the Plan (we have a simple online form for that) and only the synagogue can send in the contributions (both employee ones and employer ones).

b. If you don’t work for a synagogue (technically, if you don’t work for a church 501c3 organization), then you can join the Plan directly (and the employer does not have to sign the adoption agreement). This means you can send in contributions on your own up to the $53K (or $59,000) limit.

c. If you work for a 501c3 (but not a church 501c3), you have a choice: you can ask your employer to join, or you can contribute directly.

d. If you work for a for-profit entity (for example, as a chaplain for a for-profit hospital), you have to contribute directly, because a for-profit cannot adopt a 403(b) plan).

Can I find more information on the web?

Yes. Go to any of these sites for more info:

The Plan site itself

A site of the Internal Revenue Service [“IRS”] with general information about 403(b) plans

Another IRS site with an overview of 403(b) contribution limits

Does the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (“PBGC”) provide a guarantee that will protect my funds?

The PBGC provides protection only for pensions that are offered by employers as defined benefit pensions [e.g., 2% of salary for each year of employment will be paid in a pension upon retirement]. The Plan is a defined contribution plan. No insurance is available for such plans, nor is any required. Your fund at Vanguard is your own fund and is as safe as the fund of anyone else invested at Vanguard.

How do I sign up?

Follow the directions on our How To Participate page.

How can I learn more?

Try Pension Extends Coverage to More Rabbis in The Jewish Daily Forward.